Durban - COP17 - 2011

Du 28 novembre au 9 décembre 2011 a eu lieu la 17ème édition de la « Conférence des Parties » (COP 17) à la Convention-Cadre des Nations Unies sur le Changement Climatique (UNFCCC). C’est à Durban en Afrique du Sud que s’est déroulée cette rencontre annuelle des 195 pays qui sont membres de la convention. La Chaire Modélisation prospective y a co-organisé un side event avec la Chambre internationale de Commerce (ICC) sur le thème de "Long-term prospective of business contribution to low carbon development".
En tant que Chef de la Délégation ParisTech, organisation observatrice à l’ONU, Nadia MAÏZI, accompagnée d’Edi ASSOUMOU et Sandrine SELOSSE, a organisé un second side event dans le Pavillon africain sur le thème de "Low carbon development and energy access in Africa : Mitigation, energy policy and technology challenges for Africa"

Long-term prospective of business contribution to low carbon development
Energy modeling can move energy policy debate beyond misconceptions and illustrate common ground for moving forward. This is one of the aims of the ParisTech Chair Modeling for sustainable development – MINES ParisTech. MINES ParisTech energy and technology scenarios will be discussed by industrial experts and government representatives from developing and developed countries in order to assess the consequences of low carbon policies on energy through its externality issues: Water, Raw materials, Renewable and CCS technologies spread, Smart grid, Energy efficiency.
Chair: Laurent CORBIER, Vice-President, Sustainable Development and Continuous Improvement, AREVA; Director, Envrionment and Energy, Department of Policy and Business Practices, ICC
Planning tools in the climate debate and business opportunites, Nadia MAIZI, Professor and Director of the Centre for Applied Mathematics, MINES ParisTech, co-responsible of the ParisTech Chair Modeling for sustainable development
Arbitrage between energy efficiency and carbon management, Vincent MAZAURIC, Principal Scientist of SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC
Testimony on prospective issues in EDF, Jean-Yves CANEILL, Head of Environmental Affairs, EDF
Wendy POULTON, General Manager Sustainability and Innovation, ESKOM Holdings Ltd; Vice Chairs of ICC
Open discussion with the audience
Low carbon development and energy access in Africa : Mitigation, energy policy and technology challenges for Africa
Any post-2012 mechanism is expected to deliver much more GHG reduction than the Kyoto protocol by 2020 and even more by 2050. The technical challenges for the world energy systems over the next 50 years are huge. As highlighted in the 2010 edition of IEA's energy technology perspective, end-use efficiency should represent as much as 38%, while several production technologies will need to be installed at extremely higher rate than those delivered by the plant construction industry.
In this transition to greener energy systems Africa has an expected role to play inducing both financial and energy technology implementation levels. Through a panel of academic and industrial presentations, this side event highlighted some enabling factors for an increased access to low carbon energy sources in Africa: accurate diagnosis, long term policy definition, example of business implication, technology choice.
Mr Niang is an architect, expert counselor for Dakar, the capital of Senegal, and researcher. He will give an overciew of challenges in the buiding sector, adaptation to african context and an overview of a recent work carried on in the NECTAR project : Présentation des résultats de l'étude sectorielle sur l'efficacité énergétiques des bâtiments en Afrique de l'Ouest, dans un contexte de changement climatique.
Mr Ferenc L. Toth is senior enrgy economist at the International Atomic Enerngy Association. As nuclear was foreseen in the IEA ETP study to grow at rates higher than the historical high, he will give an overview of the situation of nuclear energy in the world and observed trends after the Fukushima accident : Nuclear power and Climate change.
Mr Vincent Mazauric is principal scientist at Schneider. He will give an overview of a corporate initiative BiBop to "spread access to a safe, affordable and green energy for those who need it the most". He will also discuss reliability issues and the potential for solar thermodynamic for electricity production: BipBop - Business, Innovation, & People at the Base of the Pyramid Spread access to a safe, affordable and green energy for those who need it the most.
Mr Edi Assoumou is researcher at Mines ParisTech. He will chair the side event and give an overview of the importance of long term energy system analysis tools. Capacity building around such decision support tools in Africa is another key factor in order to integrate, over several decades, the complex interactions between demands, resources, technologies and policy objectives: Prospective analysis with technology oriented models for long term energy assessment.